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Climate Change
Risk factors to people's livelihoods under the impact of climate change
Researcher Tran Duc Dung (Center for Water Management & Climate Change, Vietnam National University, Ho Chi Minh City) and domestic and international colleagues have carried out empirical research in Tra Vinh province and Can Tho city in July and August 2020 with Sponsored by the Southwest Program, the Ministry of Education and Training, Ho Chi Minh City National University, the National Science Foundation of Singapore.


The researchers interviewed 600 rice farmers in 19 communes in six districts of Can Tho (central delta) and Tra Vinh (coastal), then analyzed the data using the Livelihood Vulnerability Index (LVI) and Livelihood Vulnerability Index approach (LVI–IPCC).

The results show that, although farmers in both regions are affected by climate change and environmental pressures, in coastal areas, farmers are less able to respond, in other words, their livelihoods face more risks. However, livelihood change for adaptation depends on the scale of expansion of cultivated area, but coastal farmers either do not have this capacity, or are inexperienced, afraid of disaster risks.

On the other hand, drought, environmental pollution, alluvial reduction, salinity intrusion, etc. will have long-term impacts on livelihoods while farmers are ignorant or not really interested in these threats.

Therefore, researchers believe that local governments need to have strategies and policies to increase knowledge and skills of farmers, and encourage the development of off-farm activities.

The results were published in “Climate change impacts on rice-based livelihood vulnerability in the lower Vietnamese Mekong Delta: Empirical evidence from Can Tho City and Tra Vinh Province”, published in Environmental Technology & Innovation.

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